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What Precose is and what it is used for
The active ingredient in this medicine is acarbose. This belongs to a group of medicines called glucosidase inhibitors. Glucobay is used to treat non-insulin dependent diabetes. It helps to control your blood sugar levels. It works by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates (complex sugars) which reduces the abnormally high blood sugar levels in your body after each meal. V027_0 Glucobay can be used to treat diabetes when a restricted diet alone or a restricted diet plus other sugar-lowering drugs do not work well enough.
How to take Precose
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor if you
are not sure.
• Adults including old people: the usual dose is 1 or 2 tablets, three times a day
• Children and adolescents: Glucobay is not recommended.
• The treatment is for long-term use. Take the tablets for as long as your doctor has told you to. To start treatment your doctor may recommend taking the tablets only once or twice a day. He or she will then increase your dose to three times a day. The maximum dose is 200 mg three times a day. Food and drink with Glucobay Take Glucobay with your meal. Chew the tablets with your first mouthful of food. If you prefer not to chew, swallow the tablets whole with a little liquid immediately before your meal. Keep to the diet prescribed by your doctor. If distressing complaints develop in spite of strict adherence to your diet (see section 4), contact your doctor as your dose of Glucobay may need to be reduced. Household sugar (cane sugar) and foods containing it can lead to severe abdominal discomfort and diarrhoea during treatment with Glucobay (see section 4). Hypos and Glucobay You may be used to taking ordinary sugar to treat a hypo. Do not take ordinary sugar (sucrose) if you take Glucobay. Take glucose (or dextrose) to treat a hypo. Glucose tablets, syrup or sweets are available from your pharmacist (chemist).If you take more Glucobay than you should Get medical help immediately. Do not take food or drinks containing carbohydrates. If possible take your tablets or the box with you to show the doctor. If you forget to take Glucobay If you forget a dose, wait until the next mealtime and take your next dose. Do not take the missed dose. Do not take the tablets between meals. If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor.
Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The
following side effects have been observed during treatment with Glucobay.
Effects occurring in first 2 or 3 days
• increased wind (flatulence)
• rumbling in your stomach
• a feeling of fullness or abdominal cramps. Contact your doctor if these effects continue for more than 2 or 3 days, if they are severe, or particularly if you have diarrhoea. Do not take indigestion preparations (antacids) as they are unlikely to help.
Very common side effects (These may affect more than 1 in 10 people)
• wind (flatulence)
Common side effects (These may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• stomach or abdominal pain
Uncommon side effects (These may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• feeling sick (nausea)
• being sick (vomiting)
• increase in liver enzymes (transaminases) in the blood
Rare side effects (These may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin (jaundice)
Other side effects (Frequency not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
• a decrease in the number of blood cells necessary for clotting
• allergic reaction, such as rash, redness of the skin, skin eruptions, itching
• a decrease in bowel activity
• inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
• gas pockets in the bowel (pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis)
• rash with pus filled pimples/blisters (acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis) In addition, side effects like liver disorder, abnormal liver function and liver injury have been reported. Individual cases of a rapidly progressive and fatal form of liver injury have also been reported, particularly from Japan.
How to Store Precose
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children. Do not store above 25°C and keep in a dry place. Store in the original package. Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on both the outer carton and on each blister strip of tablets after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month. Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
2 to 3 weeks on average
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