Brand Name Choices
What Xyzal is and what it is used for
Levocetirizine dihydrochloride is the active ingredient of Xyzal. Xyzal is an antiallergic medication. For the treatment of signs of illness (symptoms) associated with:
• allergic rhinitis (including persistent allergic rhinitis)
How to take Xyzal
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. The recommended dose is: Adults and adolescents from the age of 12 years: 10 ml solution once daily. Special dosage instructions for specific populations: Renal and hepatic impairment Patients with impaired kidney function may be given a lower dose according to the severity of their kidney disease, and in children the dose will also be chosen on the basis of body weight; the dose will be determined by your doctor. Patients who have severe impairment of kidney function must not take Xyzal. Patients who only have impaired liver function should take the usual prescribed dose. Patients who have both impaired liver and kidney function may be given a lower dose depending on the severity of the kidney disease, and in children the dose will also be chosen on the basis of body weight; the dose will be determined by your doctor. Elderly patients aged 65 years and above No adaptation of the dose is necessary in elderly patients, provided their renal function is normal. Use in children Children from the age of 6 to 12 years: 10 ml solution once daily. Children from the age of 2 to 6 years: 2.5 ml solution twice daily. The administration of Xyzal to infants and toddlers aged less than 2 years is not recommended. How and when should you take Xyzal ? For oral use only. An oral syringe is supplied with the pack. The solution can be taken undiluted or diluted in a glass of water. Xyzal may be taken with or without food. Handling of the oral syringe Dip the oral syringe into the bottle and draw the plunger up to the mark which corresponds to the dose in millilitres (ml) prescribed by your doctor. For use in children below 6 years of age, the daily dose of 5 ml is measured by removing 2.5 ml of solution from the bottle twice daily (i.e. please cautiously refer to the syringe graduation). Remove the oral syringe from the bottle and empty its contents into a spoon or into a glass of water by pressing the plunger down. The oral intake of the medicinal product should be performed right after dilution. Rinse the plunger with water after every use. How long should you take Xyzal? The duration of use depends on the type, duration and course of your complaints and is determined by your physician. If you take more Xyzal than you should If you take more Xyzal than you should, somnolence can occur in adults. Children may initially show excitation and restlessness followed by somnolence. If you think you have taken an overdose of Xyzal, please tell your doctor who will then decide what action should be taken. If you forget to take Xyzal If you forget to take Xyzal, or if you take a dose lower than that prescribed by your doctor, do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten doseTake your next dose at your normal time. If you stop taking Xyzal Stopping treatment should have no negative effects. However, rarely pruritus (intense itching) may occur if you stop taking Xyzal, even if those symptoms were not present before treatment initiation. The symptoms may resolve spontaneously. In some cases, the symptoms may be intense and may require treatment to be restarted. The symptoms should resolve when the treatment is restarted. If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people Dry mouth, headache, tiredness and somnolence/drowsiness
Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people Exhaustion and abdominal pain
Not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data
Other side effects such as palpitations, increased heart rate, fits, pins and needles, dizziness, syncope, tremor, dysgeusia (distortion of the sense of taste), sensation of rotation or movement, visual disturbances, blurred vision, painful or difficult urination, inability to completely empty the bladder, oedema, pruritus (itchiness), rash, urticaria (swelling, redness and itchiness of the skin), skin eruption, shortness of breath, weight increase, muscular pain, joint pain, aggressive or agitated behaviour, hallucination, depression, insomnia, recurring thoughts of or preoccupation with suicide, nightmare, hepatitis, abnormal liver function, vomiting, increased appetite, nausea and diarrhoea have also been reported. Pruritus (intense itching) upon discontiunation. At the first signs of a hypersensitivity reaction, stop taking Xyzal and tell your doctor. Hypersensitivity reaction symptoms may include: swelling of the mouth, tongue, face and/or throat, breathing or swallowing difficulties (chest tightness or wheezing), hives, sudden fall in blood pressure leading to collapse or shock, which may be fatal.
Reporting of side effects If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store. By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
How to Store Xyzal
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children. Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label and carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month. This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions. Do not use 3 months after first opening Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
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